There are two main types of Age Related Macular Degeneration, which are called “Dry Macular Degeneration “ and “Wet Macular Degeneration”. It is important to understand the similarities and differences between these types of Macular Degeneration.
About Dry Macular Degeneration
Dry Macular Degeneration is the most common type of Age Related Macular Degeneration. Dry Macular Degeneration makes up approximately 85-90% of cases of Macular Degeneration. If you have Dry Macular Degeneration, during the examination of your retina at The Eye Center, the doctors will see small, yellow colored deposits between the retinal layers, which are called Drusen. Dry Macular Degeneration results in a slow, gradual progressive “dimming” of your central vision. Many people 50 years of age or older begin to display some Drusen as they age. If you have Drusen, your eye doctor may ask you to schedule eye examinations more frequently in order to monitor them, as there is some possibility that Dry Macular Degeneration will progress to Wet Macular Degeneration over a period of time. Thus people with Dry Macular Degeneration, even without any noticeable change in vision, need to be followed closely as Wet Macular Degeneration has far more serious consequences for vision loss.
About Wet Macular Degeneration
Fortunately, Wet Macular Degeneration only accounts for about 10-15% of cases of Macular Degeneration as it is likely to cause far more serious vision loss than Dry Macular Degeneration. Wet Macular Degeneration is characterized by an abnormal growth of new blood vessels under the retina. These new blood vessels are called “neovascularization”. Neovacularization is not made up of “normal” blood vessels in that they are unusually weak in their structure. In fact, they are quite fragile and are prone to be leaky and can easily break and bleed. If leakage occurs, the Macula may actually begin to swell. If the new blood vessels break and bleeding occurs, it can result in scarring as it heals. Scarring of the Macula can cause severe loss of central vision, which may be irreversible.
Macular Degeneration is a complex eye disease. With early detection and diagnosis of Wet Macular Degeneration it may be possible to have a number of treatment options available to help preserve your vision.
The Eye Center is conveniently located for patients needing an eye examination for macular Degeneration from Denver, Aurora, Arvada, Wheat Ridge, Westminster, Commerce City, Englewood, Littleton, Sheridan, Cherry Hills Village, Northglenn, Broomfield and Greenwood Village. If you, a family member of friend have not had a recent eye examination or if you feel that you may be at risk for Macular Degeneration, please schedule an appointment The Eye Center in Denver, Colorado at 303-777-5455