There are two types of Age Related Macular Degeneration: Wet and Dry Macular Degeneration. It is important to understand both the similarities and differences between the two.
About Wet Macular Degeneration
Wet Macular Degeneration accounts for about 10-15% of cases of Macular Degeneration. It causes far more serious vision loss than Dry Macular Degeneration. Wet Macular Degeneration is characterized by an abnormal growth of new blood vessels under the Retina, called neovascularization. These blood vessels are weak in their structure. In fact, they are so fragile and prone to leaking, that they can easily break and bleed. If leakage occurs, the Macula might also begin to swell. Consequently, if the new blood vessels break and bleeding occurs, it can result in scarring as it heals. Scarring of the Macula will also cause severe loss of central vision, which may be irreversible.
With early detection and diagnosis of Wet Macular Degeneration, it is possible to have various treatment options available to help preserve your vision.
About Dry Macular Degeneration
Dry Macular Degeneration is the most common type of Age Related Macular Degeneration. It makes up approximately 85-90% of cases and results in a gradual dimming of your central vision. If you have Dry Macular Degeneration, the doctors will see small, yellow colored deposits between the retinal layers, called Drusen. Many people 50 years of age or older begin to display some Drusen as they age. If you have Drusen, your eye doctor will ask that you schedule eye examinations more frequently. Dry Macular Degeneration will progress to Wet Macular Degeneration, therefore, patients with Dry Macular Degeneration need to be closely monitored.
To learn more about Macular Degeneration at The Eye Center, click the links below:
If you, a family member of friend have not had a recent eye examination or if you feel that you may be at risk for Macular Degeneration, please schedule an appointment The Eye Center at 303-777-5455.